April 7-132014
2014 coverage by The Augusta Chronicle
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Masters hole 18

No. 18 Holly

Par 4 465 yards

The closing hole has become a 465-yard challenge with the extension of the tee in 2002. An accurate drive is a must, and an expanded bunker complex requires a clout of 335 yards to carry. Trees to the left of the bunkers prevent a bailout on that side, and the elevated green is guarded by bunkers.

1934 yardage

420, par 4

About the plant

  • Deciduous, flowering tree 
  • Dioecious evergreen tree with spiny, dull green leaves 
  • From March to June, male and female bear inconspicuous green or white flowers. 
  • Female yields bright red poisonous berries in winter, if male is also present. 

Spot it on the course

  • Holly grows right of the 18th tee and on both sides of the fairway. 

Where and how the plant grows

  • Grows to 35 to 50 feet high and 15 to 25 feet wide 
  • Shade tolerant 
  • Moist, well-drained, acidic, sandy soil 
  • High drought tolerance 
  • Propagation by cuttings

How players fared

Next grouping
Significant changes since opening
  • Double bunker constructed left of fairway landing area, 1967
  • Tee moved back 55-60 yards and moved to the golfer's right five yards, 2002
  • Bunker complex adjusted, 2002
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Historical average:
Historical rank:
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About the course

Anyone who started competing in the Masters during the early 1970s might think the Augusta National Golf Club was always in immaculate condition. Masters champions like Jack Nicklaus, Bob Goalby and Gary Player know better.
Gene Andrews, a top amateur from Cali­fornia who won the 1954 U.S. Amateur Public Links, is known as the “Father of Playing by Yardage.” Gene Andrews, a top amateur from Cali­fornia who won the 1954 U.S. Amateur Public Links, is known as the "Father of Playing by Yardage.
Architect Andy Duckett tapped into his propensity for accuracy and precision to construct a small-scale model of the iconic clubhouse at Augusta National Golf Club from 3,000 Lego blocks.
Augusta Chronicle sports editor John Boyette takes you on a tour of Augusta National Golf Club.
Golf’s most famous pine tree is no longer guarding the 17th hole at Augusta National Golf Club. The Eisenhower Tree suffered major damage in an ice storm and was removed over the weekend, the club confirmed Sunday.

Design

Bobby Jones on the design of Augusta National

Bobby Jones

1. Dr. Mackenzie and I believe that no good golf hole exists that does not afford a proper and convenient solution to the average golfer and the short player, as well as to the more powerful and accurate expert.

2. We have always felt that the make-or-break character of many of the holes of our second nine has been largely responsible for rewarding our spectators with so many dramatic finishes. It has always been a nine that could be played in the low thirties or the middle forties.

Bobby Jones Quotes: video | photos

Alister Mackenzie on the design of Augusta National

Allister Mackenzie

1. There should be little walking between the greens and tees, and the course should be arranged so that in the first instance there is always a slight walk forwards from the green to the next tee; then the holes are sufficiently elastic to be lengthened in the future if necessary.

2. There should be a minimum of blindness for the approach shots.

3. There should be a sufficient number of heroic carries from the tee, but the course should be arranged so that the weaker player with the loss of a stroke or portion of a stroke shall always have an alternative route open to him.

walking tour

Augusta Chronicle sports editor John Boyette takes you on a tour of Augusta National Golf Club.

Fans' Guide

Though Augusta National is steeped in tradition, change on the golf course has always been part of the plan. Take a tour of the Masters course at Augusta National to see what's new!

Par-3 Perfection

The Par-3 Contest is held on the Wednesday before the Masters Tournament, and participation is optional. Players often invite their children, spouses or celebrities to be their caddies for a day.   Read more

2013 Par-3 Slideshows: